The National Policy on Displacement in Sudan, which was approved by the Council of Ministers in 2009, stipulated basic principles, namely that IDPs are Sudanese citizens with all the rights and duties guaranteed by the Constitution without discrimination, and that the policy stipulates that protection and assistance of IDPs and care for their rights is the the responsible of the government and that the national and international humanitarian aid partners provide assistance at the request of the State in accordance with the principles of responsibility, accountability, transparency and rules of humanitarian aid.
During the gathering of humanitarian aid commissions of the states, Director of the Center for Displaced Persons and Returnees, Ahmed Mohamed Qanjari, presented a paper on sustainable solutions for displaced people with the concepts and vision of displacement. He pointed out that displacement is a major event related to the total change of life for IDPs, saying that the sustainable solutions are a global challenge globally, and a complex process with major challenges in the area of ??human rights, humanitarian action, development and peace-building, which require considerable efforts involving many bodies.
Qanjari referred to a number of references to the work of sustainable solutions including the transitional constitution, national policy of displacement, five-year plan 2017-2021 and the recommendations of the National Conference on Displacement, in addition to Sudan's regional and international commitments, pointing out that there are three ways of permanent solutions: sustainable reintegration at the place of origin, sustainable development in areas where displaced persons are displaced and sustainable integration in another part of the country, stressing that sustainable solutions are primarily a matter of restoring the rights of displaced persons, and that the framework identifies eight criteria that can be used to determine the extent of a lasting solution.
Qanjari says that IDPs who have achieved a durable solution without discrimination must enjoy long-term safety and security, freedom of movement and an adequate standard of living, including access to the minimum adequate food, water, housing, health care, basic education, access to work and livelihoods and access to effective mechanisms to restore their housing, besides participation in public affairs at all levels on an equal footing with the resident population, referring to the information project supported by evidence to support sustainable solutions for the IDPs, which aims to support governments and its partners in humanitarian and development area in order to follow-up response based on the evidence to support displaces families and communities to find sustainable solutions
He said that analysis of durable solutions is a systematic and principled process to apply an analytical framework based on the framework of the permanent committee of agencies to measure progress toward durable solutions to internal displacement for information-based work. The purpose of analyzing solutions is to identify priorities for action to support IDPs in achieving a durable solution they prefer.
Qanjari stressed that the government must actively seek to address the immediate causes of displacement and respect the right of IDPs to choose freely, peacefully and with dignity the options of return, integration, resettlement and protection of displaced persons upon return and resettlement, besides provision of the necessary support for reintegration and that the government should ensure that IDPs are not subjected to discrimination because of their displacement and enjoy equal access to public services and help them to recover land and property and obtain compensation and addressing the root causes of displacement.
Director of the Center for Displaced Persons and Returnees stressed the importance of establishing the principles that define the needs of the IDPs, in accordance with regional and international conventions and treaties, and define the roles of the various parties in implementing sustainable solutions, supporting the chances of peace, enhancing the social and economic life of IDPs, besides provision of mechanisms of justice and reconciliation with attention to religious and cultural heritage and the empowerment of IDPs from their constitutional rights of documents and political participation.
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