The phenomenon of illegal migration always involves young, uneducated and unemployed people. These youth risk death and brave high temperature of over 50 degrees
centigrade and the freeze of the northern polar area for the sake of reaching Europe to fulfill their simple dreams.
Illegal Migration Journey to Europe is full of death and grave dangers:
The arrival of these people to Europe cost them facing death by drowning in the depths of seas and thirsty and snakes’ bites in hot deserts or being taken hostages by human traffickers.
Due to the gravity of this phenomenon and its harmful effects, the Sudanese Government is exerting great efforts for fulfilling its international commitments in the fields of combating organized crime, especially human trafficking phenomenon.
The security authorities have announced that they are exerting continuous efforts for combating human trafficking and preventing use of the Sudanese territories as a transit point for illegal migration to Europe.
The authorities pointed out that they held thousands of victims of human trafficking, most of them are foreigners on the borders with Libya.
Curbing the Phenomenon
Sudan has remained combating the phenomenon of human trafficking, whose rates have doubled in the last years, and which is carried out by organized gangs on the eastern borders and the border with Libya.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Prof. Ibrahim Ghandour has explained that Sudan is a country of transit for many people coming from neighboring countries due to its geographical location and it’s a country hosting the biggest number of refugees. Despite this, Sudan comes at the bottom of the list of countries exporting illegal migrants.
The Minister added that Sudan participates in all meetings that aim at curbing illegal migration, referring to the measures taken by Sudan to combat the phenomenon at the border with Libya.
Reasons of Illegal Migration
Observers point out that the issue of migration has become assuming great importance in the relations between the developed and developing countries as it is connected with many political, economic and social aspects, affirming that illegal migration has become one of the biggest issues for the international community.
International observers see that Sudan is considered as a country of transit for illegal migrants, who most of them come from the countries of the Horn of Africa.
A recent report issued by the United Nations on the motives and reasons of youth migration has indicated that the causes of mass illegal migration is attributed to increase of numbers of youth in the third world countries coupled with lack of employment opportunities besides the widening gap concerning living conditions in the poor and rich countries of the world.
International reports describe human trafficking as a profiting trade. According to the UN, human traffickers, who operate between Africa and Europe and between Latin and Central Americas and North America reap 6.8 billion dollars annually.
Meanwhile, a report aired by CNN and circulated widely over the social media showed selling of migrants in an auction in Libya, a matter that has raised great sympathy with the victims and generated condemnations in Africa and the United Nations.
The recording made by a mobile phone showed two youths presented for sale in the auction as farm workers as the reporter said the two youths were sailed at 1200 Libyan dinars or 400 dollars.
Recent figures issued by the International Organization for Migration indicate that the number of migrants to Europe via sea has reached 165000 since last January, compared to 341000 who arrived during the same period in 2016. Some 35000 persons died.
Risks and Negative Threats
Security experts say illegal migration has many negative effects and risks, covering the security and political fields. It threatens the sovereignty of states and their economic stability. The matter is aggravated by that the society in the receiving countries regards the illegal migrants with suspicion a matter that prevent their contacts with the local communities. Here migration is confused with criminality.
"We set off on a big truck at mid night after being notified of the presence of security patrols during the day on Facebook," said a victim of human trafficking operation. "The journey was not easy…we travelled from Ethiopia to the Sudanese borders, then entered Sudan. We were demanded to pay an amount of money, which we did in order to be trafficked into Libya," the victim added.
I told the trafficker that I have gone through dire living conditions, and that my job hardly helped me make ends meet, he explained. "I was compelled to emigrate in search of a decent life."He [the trafficker] told me that he had helped thousands of youth travel to Europe and they are making thousands of dollars," the victim continued.
"I like the idea and asked him to help to follow steps and he did." Later, I met two Yemenis who arranged for my entry into Sudan. I had pledged to pay them one thousand dollars, he said.
The victim further revealed that he met another trafficker in Sudan, who orchestrated the whole affair. The victim said that he now regrets his venture, adding that he has to live with it for the rest of his life. "I am going through unbearable suffering…I feel like a dying body fighting for survival," he laments.
He noted that he was faced with dire health conditions due to going without food and water for days, expressing his gratitude to Sudanese authorities for his rescue.
According to the victim, the trafficking are alluring pools of young men and women, who he said are using guns to rob the immigrants, and sometimes leaving those who have no tow coins to rub together in the mid of the desert to fend for themselves.
Revival of slavery trade
It would unbelievable to hear the existence of slave trade in the 20th century, but the bitter truth is that the trade is going on beyond imagination. Unfortunately, slavery is reportedly taking place In the West, which is bragging about humanity and human rights.
Some organizations concerned warned of the 20th century modern slavery. There are thousands of women and children who were sold into slavery, according to International Migration Organization (IMO. The United Nations ranks modern slavery as third after drugs and arms trafficking across the globe.
Experts say that slavery is yielding huge profits and notably growing in rich nations, adding that most of the victims are women and girls. The experts argued that rich country should tolerate by any means modern slavery and human traffickers to go about their inhumane business, which constitutes a blatant threat to humanity.
Apparently, slave trade is on its way back. Would the world ever wake up and stand again against the modern slavery?
At the level of national legislations, Sudan has issued a number of laws for combating transnational crime. They include Human Trafficking Combating Act, 2014. Sudan has also ratified many bilateral agreements and created national mechanisms in this connection.
Daily Arabic Newspapers Headlines Monday 27th November, 2017Next >