All individuals and communities are seeking the benefits of the right to education, as it is a basic right for human, social and economic development,
and a basic element for realizing a lasting peace and sustainable economic development. It is even a tool for potentials of all people, enhancing individual and collective prosperity. It is a right from which strength is derived and it picks up the marginalized categories from poverty.
Guaranteeing the right to education is basically the responsibility of the state; however there are other effective agencies that play a major role in boosting and protecting this basic right.
International law stipulates that other effective agencies have the responsibility of defending the right to education like UNSECO, Human Rights Commission and UNSEF through assisting with technology and finance.
In addition to that, civil society has a decisive role in boosting the right to education and the accountability of honoring this right.
Importance of Education for Children
The importance of education for children stems from the fact that science creates the progressing generations that build communities and homelands. Thus communities that own knowledge are the strongest communities and the most dominating in this world, while this knowledge changes the culture of the communities and their living condition lifting them up from poverty to richness whether this prosperity is through human or material resources.
Successful booming communities are strong and dominant communities and for the community to be strong it must be based on several elements, top of which is science. Without science, human communities would not have been established and flourished. They would not have reached their current condition, for this reason the world has ratified many conventions, treaties and legislations that protect this right, including its right to education.
Brief Training Evidence on Child Friendly Budget
The manager of the Child Right Institute Dr. Yassir Salim Shalibi has elaborated those children friendly budget aims to ensure that the State’s national budget is according a big attention to social and economic policies that makes child interest a pivotal point revolving around it. It provides sufficient resources for implementing these policies which are beneficial to children and mothers, like supporting the education sector, healthcare for all as well as reducing child and mother mortality and malnutrition. It also includes the policies that protect children from homelessness, child employment and all sorts of harm and social ills. The growth and prosperity and future of countries depend on maintaining children’s health and providing them with excellent education as they are the men and women of tomorrow. And budget items spent on child health are considered a successful investment.
He affirms that increasing spending on children will positively affect the creation of a cohesive unified community in which class differences diminish and also enabling all children to obtain their needs, such as suitable place of residence, food, pure potable water, health and educational services. This allows a bigger degree of equality in getting better jobs and hence it assists in having a harmonious community in which all are integrated allowing all the people to participate effectively in realizing economic development. In addition to its contribution to improving productivity by the presence of a healthy generation capable of contributing efforts, the vulnerable segments of the community may not be able to invest optimally in their children by themselves. Thus the strong need for allocating resources emerges for the resources of social sectors related to children, particularly when these sectors aims to deliver support for those in a dire need for them.
The development and legislatives gains realized for children represented in endorsing the agreement of child rights and the African Charter for the rights and prosperity of children, including what is guaranteed by these two documents form the child rights require to be accompanied by implementing and embodying these rights down on the ground. After the endorsement of the agreement and the charter were crowned by the issuance of child right in 2010 by whose issuance the commitments at the national level have become similar to the commitments we pledged regionally and internationally. The pursuit of implementing these commitments has become a top priority. Child rights have carried many good tidings thus did we provide financial potentials to translate the rights into actions down on the ground. Allah’s guidance to us to honor pledges binds us to fulfill our national, regional and international commitments and hence allocate resources that enable us to honor our commitment. Children nowadays represent nearly half the population of Sudan, these calls for raising the awareness of the concept of children friendly budgets and this issue requires that child rights must not be considered as a charitable operation or a donation to children but it is his rights and obligations.
Education is a Constitutional Basic Right of Children
Following the development and legislative gains realized for children, we honored our national, regional and international commitments and provided financial potentials in a manner that enables us to translate these rights into actions downward to the ground, towards the child.
Dr Mubark Yahia noted that education is a basic and human right and it must be free, obligatory and good in quality. It must have a sort of comprehensiveness given to all the segments of children without discrimination and this is provided for in the constitution and the international and regional commitments endorsed by the state, Sudan by virtue of its membership and its internet website in this regards. He added that education is good for children and this matter is absent in Sudan because the budget allocated for it are the weakest at Arab and African levels and meager to a big degree that it doesn't assist in making education of good quality and the inputs of good education for all the individuals of the community. He noted that when looking at education coverage of children in Sudan is 39.9% of the segment of children age group of 4 to 6 years. In a study by UNSECO more than 60% is outside the pre-school education system and stressing that these are decisive years and effective in child education which this guarantees that the child goes through the system levels and enjoys efficiency and capability.
Basic level education was accorded direct attention in two phases, the first one is after the conference of education for all in the year 1990, which established that basic level study must be obligatory and of good quality and that Sudan has participated and signed the commitment.
The second phase from the year 2000 was called the Millennium and the summit was in America in the United Nations. Sudan participated by delegation headed by the President of the Republic and it called for the developmental goals in the field of education, focusing on the education of basic level, empowering women.
He added that till now no progress occurred due to the fact that 70% of the children segment aged 6 to 13 years at the basic level education did not obtain education, therefore there is a non-commitment to providing good education to all children in basic level education.
Third is the secondary education, where the performance is very poor and what the state present of coverage and admission of children is 39% of the succeeding students in the basic level phase. This is not the whole segment restricting itself to the successful students only totaling 39%. He outlined that there is a clear problem represented in the lack of budgets supporting students in the decentralized system of governance which gave the responsibility of development of education to the states not the federal Ministry of Education. The state has given the responsibility of basic level education, pre-school education and illiteracy programs to local councils and these councils are poor and with meager resources. The state restricted itself to secondary school education, therefore the poor resources have affected the budget of education at the localities level and this has affected the ability of education to take all children and has a lack of education inputs. He added that the localities have not the ability to employ qualified teachers further reducing good quality education.
Regarding secondary school education, it has been very much defective because the plans were to the effect that secondary education was to be technical, vocational and academic and the percentage of academic education is only 40% to feed the labor market with employment. As inputs of technical education are very expensive (systems, workshops…) and families consider technical education as a second-class education and desire academic education for its sons as it is less costly. This led to the collapse of technical and craft education and its percentage now is only (3.5%). He added that "I believe the basic problem in supporting education is that the State is not committed to the international standards in children education which is restricted in two matters”. These are, Sudan is a developing country and is supposed to spend 15-20% of its annual budget on education and what is spent by the state is only 3.5%. The second criterion is connected the Gross Domestic Product, which according to the international standard, the state is supposed to allocated 6% of its national wealth for supporting education, what is allocated now is 0.09%. Therefore, such budgets are not supportive to good quality child education. This will adversely reflect on the school environment and its deterioration that is unattractive, leading to expelling and to school drops-out, while there are also no books nor seating irregular periods, and unhealthy facilities. He added that there is a shortage of teachers in Khartoum, totaling six thousand teachers, the State hasn’t the ability to bring and train teachers, and furthermore the replacements are not specialists.
Strong Support for Child-Friendly Budget is a Must
Economic expert Dr. Mohamed Al Nayer affirms that there must be strong support for children friendly budgets or children oriented budgets by assuring items and allocations approved in the budget for education. Whereby we mean by education, kindergartens up to the secondary school level and checking these items at the level of the center, localities provided that they are considerable allocations and this is the appropriate time for supporting as the state is currently preparing the budget of 2017. Thus all the related agencies must be mobilized like the civil society organizations and Childcare council and the central and State Ministries of Education to guarantee child rights in allocating considerable accreditations for his education as well as for child health and all of his needs.
On the extent of contributed by the budget for the child to obtain his rights and later on his participation in economic development, he affirmed that if the state allocated considerable funds for education, health, provision of basic services, as well as a good standard of living, all this can be attain by considerable allocations the child will obtain his all rights.
Abdulhalim Alias, Lecturer at the Institute of Studies and Developmental Researches, Khartoum University has affirmed that child-friendly budgets are considered investment in human capital as it has a future return, asserting the need for securing education to guarantee future qualified cadres, of benefit to themselves, to their families and can enter the labor market in the future.
He elaborated that children-friendly budgets are a child’s right because spending on them makes them avoid unemployment and drug abuse and makes them avoid violence through attracting them to participate in wars and armed disputes.
However, he went on to say that spending on children education is poor if compared to other sending items noting that no fees are officially imposed but they are paid indirectly.
Poorer children, as the vulnerable segments of the community may not be able to invest in their children well by themselves. The strong need for allocating resources to the social resources related to children emerges specially when these sectors aims at delivering support to those in a dire need of it.
The first school for children working in loading goods was inaugurated what is known as Dardagat Children along with the children of tea-ladies. One of the localities of the state committed itself to paying the cost of the study in one of the major markets of the capital city. Commissioner of Khartoum North, Brigadier Hassan Mohamed Hassan has delivered pledged free education for the children working in the roles in the central market in Shambat district north of Khartoum North and provides them with the requirements for free, noting that the inaugurated under the name of Hulm Al Neel (Nile Dream) for educating children comprises 220 pupils .
The commissioner has abolished Dardagat fees in exchange for children commitment for going to school classes in the market while tea-ladies have sent their children to the center to enroll in study. He further said, we called the school Hulm Al Nil (Nile Dream) because we are going to establish another center in Khartoum North for enrolling children working in the markets for free because upheaval will not be realized in isolation of education.
The Minister of Local Governance in Khartoum state Hassan Ismail has affirmed upon inaugurating the classes that the experiment implemented by Khartoum North locality is worth appreciation, adding that we hail the efforts of the commissioner of the locality and his working team. Ismail advised the localities of Khartoum State to apply the experiment of Khartoum North locality to tackle school dropout problems.
Successful Projects Implemented to Enable Poor Communities to Cope with...Next >