Current Date:

Monday, 05 March 2018

Human Trafficking and Illegal Migration Represent Security, Economic and Social Threat

Human trafficking is the trade of humans for the purpose of forced labor, sexual slavery, or commercial sexual exploitation

for the trafficker or others. This may encompass providing a spouse in the context of forced marriage, or the extraction of organs or tissues, including for surrogacy and ova removal. Human trafficking can occur within a country or trans-nationally. Human trafficking is a crime against the person because of the violation of the victim's rights of movement through coercion and because of their commercial exploitation. Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.
According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), forced labor alone (one component of human trafficking) generates an estimated $150 billion in profits per annum as of 2014.[9] In 2012, the ILO estimated that 21 million victims are trapped in modern-day slavery. Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor.

Sudan on Human Trafficking

The first paragraph of chapter 3 of the Human Trafficking Act enacted by the Sudanese government stipulates that the perpetrator of the crime of human trafficking is anyone who transfers, kidnaps, deports, shelters, receives, detains or prepares a natural person for the purpose of exploiting or using him in illegal acts, or any acts that violate his dignity or achieve illegal objectives in exchange for material gain or moral gain or granting of any kind of benefits.
  The law stipulates that the penalty of this crime is up to ten years imprisonment and death in the case of establish, or organize, or leadan organized criminal group, or accession to it or if the victim is a female or a child who has not attained the age of 18 years, or disabled or committed crime throughfraud, use of force, threat of death, or physical or psychological torture.

CISSA ongoing Efforts

Khartoum hosted recently the meetings of the Committee of Intelligence and Security Services of Africa (CISSA) on illegal migration, where the speakers stated that the said migration is considered as human trafficking.
CISSA Executive Secretary, Shimeles W. Semayat  said the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimated that smugglers were providing $ 35 million as funding to facilitate crime flights, which are provided in the form of services in Libya and some African countries, indicating that the amount of money from this trade is estimated at $ 232 billion, Worldwide, adding that 24 million migrants are trafficked, half of them children, mostly girls from Africa aged 5 to 15 years, revealing a request for CISSA from the African Union Commission to help in providing dynamism to dismantle human trafficking networks, indicating that this meeting brings together the countries of origin, transit and Libya to discuss how to stop this work, noting that the report of CISSA assessment team in Niger and Libya will be discussed within discussion of all the element of illegal migration to reach recommendations ad an action plan for the aid issue, indicating to the cooperation of the UN , African Union and the European Union as a tripartite working group on three strategic, coordinating and operational levels on how to solve this humanitarian problem in Libya, praising Sudan role in hosting the meeting to discuss threats of illegal migration, organized crimes, and crime networks.
The opening session also addressed by representative of Namibian Security and Intelligence Service, who affirmed that illegal migration is a danger that could not fought by one country.
Deputy Director-General of the National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) Lt. Gen. Jalal-Eddin Al Shiekh Al Tayeb has called for stoppage of extending support to the negative movements in Africa and bringing their leaders before courts to face trials for the crimes they have committed, adding it is high time to translate sayings into deeds by taking decisive decisions towards the activities of the negative movements.
He added that the Sudanese negative movements have been active in crimes of killing, looting and smuggling in the country and they become mercenaries in the neighboring countries as they participate in fighting in Libya and human trafficking crimes, besides that they are active in southern Libya as mercenaries with some Libyan movements.
He affirmed that CISSA is part of the tripartite work team that comprises the United Nations, European Union and African Union to eliminate the phenomenon and work out practical solutions to be presented to partners through objective scientific discussions on the motives, effects and ways of work of the criminal human trafficking networks.
He indicated that CISSA has dispatched work team to each of Niger and Libya to study the phenomenon in the two countries, lauding the efforts of the security services of the two countries for cooperation with CISSA’s team.
He explained that the meeting aims at completion of efforts concerning Libya, noting that participation of experts from the intelligence and security services of the various African countries affirms intelligence coordination to counter all threats facing the African continent. 
NISS Deputy Director-General said rising phenomena of mercenaries and terrorism impede realization of development and stability in the African continent and cause suffering for the African people. 
He stressed the importance of the deliberative meeting of CISSA, held with participation of 17 intelligence services and officials of the African Union Commission, on the illegal migration for facing the activities of criminal gangs linked to human trafficking as part of the security developments in the African continent, saying that these developments in the African countries have resulted in challenges that necessitated  joint cooperation and coordination for finding solutions for threats in the African continent in collaboration with AU Commission.
He referred in this connection to the approval by the African heads of state and government of an agreement on combating mercenaries in 1977.