HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 35 million lives so far
. In 2016, 1.0 million people died from HIV-related causes globally. There were approximately 36.7 million people living with HIV at the end of 2016 with 1.8 million people becoming newly infected in 2016 globally.54% of adults and 43% of children living with HIV are currently receiving lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART).Global ART coverage for pregnant and breastfeeding women living with HIV is high at 76% .The WHO African Region is the most affected region, with 25.6 million people living with HIV in 2016. The African region also accounts for almost two thirds of the global total of new HIV infections.
Agreement for the Protection of the (PLWH):
The First Lady, Wife of the President of the Republic, Widad Babikir, has emphasized the state's commitment to combat AIDS, and its keenness on the partnerships, tight coordination, and the activation of continuous response to the combating activities, announcing the inauguration of the AIDS integrated treatment center in Omdurman in the advent of New Year.
During her address to the celebration of the World AIDS Day at the friendship Hall, in last Tuesday, under the theme (my health is my right) the first lady has appreciated the efforts of the Federal Ministry of Health for the adoption of approach of speeding up the AIDS control .
The First Lady said the state has made great efforts in controlling AIDS in the region, calling on all the community's sectors to carry its role in this regard,
“Sudan is in the process of ratifying the Arab Convention on the Rights of the People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWH), calling on the Ministries of Social Security and Welfare to include the (PLWH) under the umbrella of health insurance, the Ministry of Education to activate and implementing the curricula of PLWH, the Ministry of Guidance for the activation of the stigma removal programs, asserting work the Federal Ministry of Health to remove the stigma in health institutions”, she added .
Dr. Tahani Tour Al-Dabba, The State Minister at the Ministry of Justice, noted to the international rights of the treatment of the (PLWH) in the international humanitarian law and human rights, referring that the (my health my right) is one of the supreme rights that the state works for its realization, indicating that the Ministry of Justice has issued the decision No. 155 for the year 2017 for the formation of a committee for the analyzing the legal environment for the (PLWH) that targets the activation of an agreement for the protection of the (PLWH).
The Undersecretary of the Federal Ministry of Health, Dr. Isam Eddin Mohamed Abdulla has announced the ministry's commitment to work with all sectors to control the disease , and to provide the required combating assistance to realize the goals of the sustainable development and the eradication of the disease by the year 2030.
The Representative of the WHO, Naeema al-Gasseer stressed on behalf of the UN organizations that the eradication of AIDS is the one of the sustainable development goals approved by states including the Sudan, noting that the middle east has witnessed progress in the surveillance, protection, treatment and care of the infected peoples, indicating that number of the (PLWH) who receive virus treatment has doubled in years 2012 and 2016.
She pointed out that despite the progress achieved in the AIDS control in the Sudan there is still more work to be done in this regard, demanding the inclusion of the services of the investigation and treatment of the disease in the health system.
Al-Gasseer said that there is still a long way to go despite the steps taken and endeavors for combating AIDS, noting that a big number of young people do not know the reality of the disease and they don’t go for medical checkups.
WHO representative Dr. Naeema Al-Gasseer has classified AIDS treatment service in Sudan as poor, demanding integrating them in the primary health care and delivery of service without discrimination
She further appealed to the Sudanese government to be committed to availing diagnosis and perfect treatment for those living with AIDS virus, and make it available and affordable.
Al-Gasseer warned against the growing contraction of AIDS in east Mediterranean Sea region, affirming 85% of those living with AIDS don’t get the medical treatment and preventive drugs.
She said that has a long way to go on the road to eliminating AIDS by the year 2030 stressing that despite this progress the rates of this epidemic are still rising.
HIV infection is often diagnosed through rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), which detect the presence or absence of HIV antibodies. Most often these tests provide same-day test results, which are essential for same day diagnosis and early treatment and care.
Key populations are groups who are at increased risk of HIV irrespective of epidemic type or local context. They include: men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, people in prisons and other closed settings, sex workers and their clients, and transgender people.
Key populations often have legal and social issues related to their behaviours that increase vulnerability to HIV and reduce access to testing and treatment programmes. In 2015, an estimated 44% of new infections occurred among key populations and their partners.
There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective antiretroviral (ARV) drugs can control the virus and help prevent transmission so that people with HIV, and those at substantial risk, can enjoy healthy, long and productive lives.
It is estimated that currently only 70% of people with HIV know their status. To reach the target of 90%, an additional 7.5 million people need to access HIV testing services. In mid-2017, 20.9 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) globally.
Between 2000 and 2016, new HIV infections fell by 39%, and HIV-related deaths fell by one third with 13.1 million lives saved due to ART in the same period. This achievement was the result of great efforts by national HIV programmes supported by civil society and a range of development partners.