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Friday, 14 December 2018

Agriculture, the way out from Poverty

Ministry of agriculture and forests organized the agriculture national week in the period from 23rd-29th March 2018

; under the theme (agriculture is a locomotive for development and reducing poverty) with the participation of agricultural , economic and  social sectors , in addition to companies work in the agricultural field. The program included the meetings of the ministers of agriculture at different states, the advisory council meeting of the minister of agriculture and forests, beside many symposium, workshops on Gum Arabic, the contacting agriculture, and concluded by Khartoum declaration.
First Vice President of the Republic, prime minster of the national council, PSC Lt. General Bakri Hassan Salih addressed  the opening session of the Agriculture national week , he explained the  commitment of the government to support the agricultural sector and its pioneer role in supporting development and economy of Sudan . He pointed to the noticeable growth and development of agriculture in Sudan for the use of modern technologies and inputs that contributed greatly in the increase of product. Bakri called for the increase of investment in agriculture, and to urge farmers and investors to the increase and variation in product.  He called also to organize this agriculture national week at the different states in Sudan.
Professor Abudulatif Ejemi, Minister of agriculture and forests assured the importance pf organizing exhibitions for the agricultural development and economic growth, he pointed to that it is an opportunity to review the most recent and modern technology and successful experiences in the field of agriculture at the local, regional and international levels. Prof. Ejemie explained that this exhibition is an opportunity for the public and private sectors, the international partners to build successful partnerships, and exchange views and experiences. He added that the agricultural week is considered an economic gathering where all Sudan agricultural inputs are reviewed. Many working papers are presented.
 Hassabo Mohamed AbdulRahman , Vice President of the Republic addressed  the closing session pointed to that the state has strategy to solve the economic issues , and the agriculture is at top , to increase product and productivity , to make exports as more as imports .He said the state commitment is to provide food security to increase product .
Hassabo appreciated the participation of the national companies, and the entering of businessmen in agricultural investment. He declared to set a prize for the best 10 farmers, and states that fulfilled high productivity in Wheat. 
 Khartoum declaration is for agriculture, food security, and combat poverty. The declaration assured the vital role of exchange experiences, knowledge and the agricultural practices. The declaration explained also that the socio-economic environment of social peace is considered the basic for food security and combating of poverty. The declaration works to realize the food, and agricultural, fishery, forestry and rural development .Khartoum declaration called for the importance of enhancing and strengthening cooperation in the fields of agriculture and sustainable development.
It worth mentioning that agriculture sector that covers an area of 2,505,810 square km considers one of the pillars of the Sudanese economy, it contributes with 48% of the GDP, and it provides labor opportunities to about 80% of the Sudanese. Agriculture represents less than 20% of Sudan exports.
Sudan is characterized by its environmental diversity in agricultural lands to the savannah in the south which represent 3% of GDP .Ways and methods of agricultural product are different according to the soil, and the most fertilized agricultural lands are those in the center and east of Sudan which represent the most important areas for cultivating cotton, and mechanized agriculture.
Gezira scheme that situates south Khartoum the capital of Sudan covers an area of 27549 square km. It is one of the biggest agricultural schemes not only in Sudan, but also in Africa. Cotton, Wheat, Gum Arabic, corn crops and the oil Seeds are the most important agricultural products in Sudan. According to FAO, agricultural lands in Sudan are estimated to 105 million hectares, which represent 42% of the total area.