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Tuesday, 23 October 2018

Surat Al-Anaam/Cattle – Meccan – Ayats 165 – Section One – Ayats From 14-41

{Verse 31)Hadeeth Sharif: Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet (PPBUH) said:” Whoever loves the Meeting with God, God too loves the Meeting with him; and whoever hates the Meeting with God, God too hates the Meeting with him” (Sahih Al-Bukhary).    


(Verses 14-15)- (Feeds but is not fed): True both literally and figuratively. To God we owe the satisfaction of all needs, but He is independent of all needs.
(Verse 16)- We continue the implied dialogue suggested in the comment on verse 13. In verse 14 the objector might say: “But we have other interests in life than religion and God”. “NO” says the man of God, “My Creator is the one and only Power whose protection I seek; and I strive to be first in the race”. In verse 15, the objector suggests: “Enjoy the good things of this life; it is short”. The answer is: “The Hereafter is more real to me, and promises the true fulfillment of all desires; happiness or affliction does not come from the fleeting pettinesses or illusions of this life, but from the power and wisdom of God”. In verse 19, the objector makes his final splash: “What evidence is there for all this?” The reply is: “I know it is true, for God’s voice is within me, and my living Teacher awakens that voice; and there is the Book of Inspiration. God is one, and there is none other besides.”
(Verses 17-18-19)- The vulgar worship false gods out of fear that they would harm them or hope that they would confer some benefit on them. These false gods can do neither. All power, all goodness is in the hands of the One True God. All else is pretence or illusion.
(Verses 20-21-22)- In Surat Al-Bagara 2 verse 146. In both passages the pronoun translated ‘this’ may mean ‘him’ and refer to Muhammad [PPBUH] the Apostle of God, as some commentators think.
(Verse 23)- Fitnat- has various meanings, from the root idea of “to try, to test, to tempt” e.g. (1) a trial or temptation, as in Surat Al-Bagara 2 verse 102: (2) trouble, tumult, oppression, persecution, as in Surat Al-Baggara verses 191, 193, 217: (3) discord, as in Surat Al-Imran 3- verse 7: (4) subterfuge, an answer that amounts to a sedition, and excuse founded on a falsehood, as here. Other shades of meaning will be noticed as they occur. Those who blasphemed God in imagining false gods will now see the vanity of their imaginations for themselves. What answer can they give now? In their perversity they will deny that they ever entertained the notion of false gods.
(Verse 24) – The lies which they used to tell have now ‘wandered’ from the channels which they use to occupy, and left the liars in the lurch. In denying the indubitable fact that they took false gods, they admit the falsity of their notions and thus are practically convicted out of their own mouths.
(Verses 25-26-27)- It is – THE QUR’AN.
(Verses 28-29-30)- Their falsity was not due to want of knowledge, but to perversity and selfishness. In their heart was a disease (Al-Bagara-2 verse 10); therefore neither understanding, nor their ears, nor their ears, nor their eyes doing their proper work! They twist what they see, hear, or are taught, and go deeper into the mire. The deceptions which they used to practice on other people will –before the Seat of Judgment- become clear in their own eyes.
(Verse 31)- Grievous is the burden of sins which the wicked will bear on their backs when they become conscious of them. Some Commentators personify the Sins as ugly Demons riding on the backs of men, while the men’s Good Deeds become the strong and patient mounts which will carry the men on their backs. If the Good Deeds are few and the Sins many, the man and his Good Deeds will be crushed under the load of the Evil which they carry.
(Verses 32-33-34)- Play and amusement are for preparing our minds for the serious things of life; in themselves they are not serious. So this life is a preparation for the Eternal Home to which we are going, which is far more important than the ephemeral pleasures which may possibly seduce us in this life.              
(Verse 35)- There were many Signs of a divine mission in the Apostle’s [PPBUH] life and in the Message which he delivered. If these did not convince the Unbelievers, was it not vain to seek a miraculous Sign from the bowels of the earth or by a visible ascent to the skies? If in the Apostle’s [PPBUH] eagerness to get all to accept his Message, he was hurt to their callousness, active opposition, and persecution of him, he is told that a full knowledge of the working of God’s Plan would convince him that impatience was misplaced. This was in the days of persecution before the Hijrat. The history of Al-Medina and after shows how God’s Truth was ultimately and triumphantly vindicated. Who among the sincere devotees of Muhammad [PPBUH] can fail to read verses 33-35 without tears in his eyes?
(Verse 36)- There is a double meaning here: (1) If people listen to the truth sincerely and earnestly, they must believe; even if the spiritual faculty is dead, God will –by His Grace- revive it and they will come to Him, if they really try earnestly to understand. (2) The sincere will believe; but those whose hearts are dead will not listen, yet they cannot escape being brought to the Judgment Seat before Him.
(Verse 37)- Signs are all around them, but they do not understand. If they want a particular Sign to suit their gross ignorance, they will not be humoured, for they can always pick holes in anything that descends to their level.
(Verse 38)- “ANIMALS/CREATURES LIVING ON THE EARTH” include those living in the water –fishes, reptiles, crustaceans, insects, as well as four-footed beasts. Life on the wing is separately mentioned. (Ta’ir) which is ordinarily translated as a “bird” is anything that flies, including mammals like bats. In our pride we may exclude animals from our purview, but they all live a life, social and individual, like ourselves, and all life is subject to the Plan and Will of God. In verse 59 (to come) we are told that not a leaf falls but by His Will and things dry and green are recorded in His Book. In other words they all obey His archetypal Plan, the Book which is also mentioned here. They are all answerable in their several degrees to His Plan (“shall be gathered to their Lord in the end”). This is not Pantheism: it is ascribing all life, activity, and existence of the Will and Plan of God.
(Verses 39-40-41)- The limited free will of man makes a little difference. If he sees the Signs but shuts his ears to the true Message, and refuses (like a dump thing) to speak out the Message which all Nature proclaims then according to the Plan (of his limited free will) he must suffer and wander, just as - in the opposite case- he will receive grace and salvation.